Lupus mouth sores – Not many people know that there are four different types of Lupus with different symptoms and effects. Most people are only familiar with the SLE or the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. In reality, there are three other different Lupus ailments with different health signs and also treatments. Mouth sores are also one of the most common symptoms of Lupus although they can also symptoms of other health problems. If you want to know more about Lupus and mouth sores – and how they are different from the regular mouth or canker sores – read on.
Different Types of Lupus
Not all types of Lupus will have Lupus mouth sores as there are different areas of target and causes.
- The first one is chronic cutaneous Lupus which is the first Lupus type to attack the skin. In will cause red, thick, and scaly rashes on the neck, face, and scalp which usually ends up in scarring.
- Drug induced Lupus. This is a rare condition when Lupus is the result of certain medication. This Lupus is somewhat temporarily and can be cured. Once you stop using the drugs, the Lupus symptoms will go. The drugs being the trigger of this problem are commonly those for hypertension and heart issue. This type of Lupus won’t cause any systemic Lupus. This problem happens when you consume a certain drug every day for a quite long time. But when you stop, the symptoms will go away in six months. Unlike the SLE, most people suffering from this issue are men.
- Neonatal Lupus. This is another rare problem happening to newborns. It generally happens when the mothers have developed some kinds of antibodies (not necessarily the Lupus) and then transfer it to the newborn.
- Systemic Lupus. This is the common type of Lupus that everyone knows. It causes inflammation to different body systems and organs at the same time. The main issue happens because the body’s immune system attacks its own organs and causes inflammation and infection. Around 90% of the patients suffering from this type of Lupus are women.
Lupus and Mouth Sores
In SLE, there are major organs that are affected. Kidneys, heart, brain, and digestive systems are only some examples of how the autoimmune system attacks those organs. Mouth is one of the major areas that will be affected by the oral ulcers or lesions. In fact, around 50% of Lupus patients will develop such Lupus mouth sores as the most common symptoms.
Lupus mouth sores may not be dangerous or risky, but they can cause problems with physical comfort, self-esteem, and overall health condition. They are mostly happening on the roof of the mouth although it is possible for them to happen on the lips, the inside part of the cheeks, and the gums. The main difference of Lupus oral lesions with the regular sores is they are painless – although some people may experience pain. Lupus oral lesions usually look like a red ulcer that is surrounded by a white rounded halo, and then there are white lines from the center. In the health field, it is called as the discoid Lupus lesions. Most Lupus patients may only suffer from the sores only. However, it is also possible that the sores are accompanied by dry mouth problem, lack of saliva, or even burning sensation inside the mouth.
Getting the Right Diagnose
Before you get the right diagnose, you should know that there are two major types of oral lesions or sores:
- The sores which are associated with any active disease –which is not very common
- The sores which are not related to any active disease, like Lupus – which is more common
Biopsy is the only logical method to know whether your sores are related to any active disease or not – and know for sure whether you suffer from Lupus mouth sores or not. Your doctor will need a small tissue sample from your sores. They will use a small brush with stiff bristles and rotate it on the area of your sores so it will result in bleeding (only a pinpoint, though). They will then collect the cells and have the pathologist examine the sample. Only by doing the biopsy, your doctor can be sure about your exact condition.
You should know that treating Lupus mouth sores may not be easy although it isn’t super difficult either. Doctors may prescribe you various medicines and drugs. If they give you steroids or corticosteroids, you may experience side effects like cold sores, mouth dry, yeast infection, swelling, and even bone damages around the jaw. It is important that you have a regular check and examination with your doctor and your dentist. Never try any kind of new drug or supplement without consulting them first.
The treatment for the Lupus mouth sores may include topical medication or even intralesional (a method of injecting the sores or lesions) treatment – it depends on your doctor, really. In most cases, your doctor may find it necessary to prescribe you the antimalarial drugs, which can be functional to treat any resistant or stubborn lesions. According to research, controlling the active SLE is often successful to reduce Lupus-related oral lesions.
The Role of the Dentist
When you suffer a lot of Lupus mouth sores, choosing the right doctor and dentist to reduce the symptoms can be helpful. In fact, your dentist can also play a major role to make the problem somewhat controllable. If you are positive of Lupus, be sure to let your dentist know about this. You should connect your dentist and your doctor so they can work together to treat you. It is possible to give your doctor the dentist’s contact number and vice versa. It is important to make sure that all your health experts are working together on your case.
It is also important that your dentist has your health records and your complete health history. Each Lupus treatment, symptoms, and problems are different so your dentist should really know how the issue affects your health. Don’t forget to inform them about your dietary supplements, medicines you take, and also vitamins you consume – both in the past and at present. Knowing the details of your health records and history can help them find out the best treatments for your Lupus mouth sores. See also: What does it mean when your poop is Yellow?